Climate and Weather
There is no other daily event that is discussed, analyzed, and predicted more than the weather. Perhaps you have thought of being a Weather Forecaster for your local news station? Well, there are hundreds of careers that are involved with weather & climate and their associated sciences.
Weather is the mix of events that happen each day in our atmosphere including temperature, rainfall, winds, and humidity. It influences our professional and private lives by helping us decide when to schedule meetings, activities, travel, and countless other near-term events. Weather events are recorded and predicted by meteorologists worldwide and become the basis of the larger Climate identification & trends.
Climate is the statistics (usually, mean or variability) of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. It is measured by assessing the patterns of variation in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particle counts, and other meteorological variables in a given region over long periods of time. Climate can be divided into five main types, which are tropical, dry, temperate, cold, and polar. Within each climate type, there are further sub-divisions determined by local weather patterns and conditions. Two main variables that determine the exact climate type of an area are the average air temperature and precipitation levels.
Probably the best known organization for weather & climate information is the National Weather Service (NWS), which is a component of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA is an Operating Unit of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Their Mission is to provide weather, water, and climate data, forecasts, and warnings for the protection of life and property and enhancement of the national economy.
An excellent resource for more information on careers in Meteorology and other weather & climate related careers.
Your STEM Flights Weather & Climate Mission will include an analysis of current weather conditions & your local climate and its impact on aviation – aircraft performance, safety considerations, and in-flight impacts. You will observe and take measurements on weather conditions, clouds types, and temperatures & wind speeds at various altitudes. You will use that information to graph a chart of your findings and predict a near & future weather trend.